5 Business Concepts Every Freelance Web Designer Should Understand
It’s true. Business people need to think more like designers.
Modern business success is often tied to the competitive edge derived from superior design and the power of the visual.
But, for those of us working in design, it’s equally important that we understand the business framework we work in at all times.
As creative professionals, balancing ‘art’ and ‘aesthetic’ with ‘financial feasibility’ has always been a juggling act with no clear line.
But as the business world starts becoming design centric, it is becoming increasingly important for designers to accept that their work has an undeniable purpose: profitability.
To that end, here are 5 business concepts every designer needs to be aware of to succeed in the business world.
1. ROI (Return On Investment)
When you are bidding a design project, you will need to address the business owners primary concern: ROI.
Return on Investment (ROI) is a math equation:
(Return – Investment) / Investment
When a business owner or manager comes to you for a design project they may already have ROI expectations.
Make sure you discuss the ROI expectations during the scoping and bidding process.
ROI might manifest itself as:
- Advertising revenue
- number/volume of sales
- enhancement of brand image
By knowing the ROI expectations in advance, you can not only define project objectives better but also avoid conflict and disappointment.
2. IMC (Integrated Marketing Communications)
Whether you are designing a landing page for a client or an entire web experience, developing context is very important to understanding how your creation fits in your client’s business equation.
These days, designing a website isn’t as simple as throwing together some images and a few slogans and making it look as nice as possible.
Web design is one of the most important communication tools a business can use but it isn’t the only one.
Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) is all about businesses that strive to achieve a 360 degrees coverage and coherence in all their contact points with their customer.
Whether their customer is checking out their product in a store with the assistance of a customer representative, watching a television commercial or browsing their website, successful businesses require a streamlined communication process that sends clear and focused signals and messages to their customers.
When you are designing a website for your client, make sure you ask them about their overall communication strategy and what they want to achieve with their web presence. Being aware of the uniformity required across all communication channels will help you design much more effectively.
Notice how Nike integrates the web experience with their packaging and in-store experience.
For more on integrating design across the entire customer experience, read this.
3. 4 P’s
Designers that turn a profit for their customers understand the marketing mix, sometimes called the 4 P’s. As a designer, understanding how the 4 P’s relate to your project will lead to a design that is congruent with the business objectives of the client.
Ask yourself these questions about the 4 P’s of your design project:
- Product – What are we selling with this design? How does it fit within the mix of other products offered by this client? What need does it satisfy for the end customer?
- Price - Is this about luxury? Or should it look and feel like a smart bargain? Are we communicating a special discount or offer?
- Place – How does the end customer get what is being offered? In store purchase? Click to redeem a coupon? Call a phone number?
- Promotion – How is this being promoted? PR? Traditional advertising?
Can you see how the answers to the above questions would affect your design?
Do you see the 4 P’s of marketing on this home page design from Nordstrom, a luxury clothing retailer?
Budgeting is important for designers to understand. It is the budget that determines whether there will be new projects and how much money will be allocated to those projects.
Ideally, we would have free reign to design whatever and whenever we want.
But clients have budget constraints that create limitations. Be careful when adjusting your pricing to budget constraints. Your work should be bid based upon the value you provide not on the budget constraints of your prospective clients.
Instead, consider offering different terms to prospects that have budget constraints. These constraints can often be overcome if payment terms are more flexible.
5. Target Audience
Design, however good looking and labored it may be, becomes ineffective if it doesn’t connect with the target market.
Your business client will usually have a very good idea of who their potential customer is and getting a detailed analysis of their target market should be one of the very first discussion points on a design project.
Closely related to the concept of target audience is product positioning.
Here are three questions you can ask to get the conversation started about the target market:
- Do you have any buyer personas I can use to create the design?
- Do you have any documentation on your Unique Selling Proposition (USP)?
- Who are your competitors and how does your company/product differ from theirs?
Your client will appreciate the in-depth interest you are taking in their business and that can help the entire project get off to a smooth start.
Pepsi has always targeted the youth and their latest web look continues that positioning by choosing a dynamic and colorful metro-type layout that prominently features the brand.
Remember, constant communication is the best way to ensure that you and your client remain on the same page throughout the project.
What other business concepts should designers be aware of? Sound off in the comments below.